You may have often wondered why there are different types of tyres sold for cars and 4×4 vehicles.
As 4x4s become a lot more commonplace for drivers – whether they want to buy a Land Rover Discovery so that they can go on an off-road adventure or an Audi Q4 so that they can cart their whole family around with ease – the range of tyres available has become more extensive and people need to understand the difference.
The factors that demonstrate a difference between regular car tyres and 4×4 tyres include size and traction on or off road.
One of the main ways in which 4×4 tyres differ from car tyres is the way that they handle in different conditions.
Car tyres are designed to maintain traction on tarmac roads. Meanwhile, 4×4 tyres are intended to be able to handle a range of off road conditions, including dirt, grass and snow.
The reason for the difference in handling is due to the type of tread that these tyres have. If you look at the tread patterns on car tyres and compare them to those on 4×4 tyres you will notice that that of the latter is deeper and has larger gaps in between the tread. The reason for this is that it allows it to grip better in adverse conditions.
For example, when driving through mud, a 4×4 tyre is better because it does not get clogged up as easily and therefore you are less likely to get your vehicle stuck. Additionally, this ensures there is enough rubber in contact with the ground to ensure the vehicle maintains friction.
On the other hand, this is problematic when on the road as it means 4×4 tyres have more rolling resistance than regular car tyres. What's more, 4x4s will also get worn down more quickly when used on roads than car tyres typically will, due to the friction wearing the rubber away.
At ATS Euromaster there is a wide range of 4×4 tyres and car tyres available to choose from.
Posted by Danielle Barge