How to change a tyre: an eight-step guide
A flat tyre can be a nuisance and there’s never a good time to get one. That said, if you keep the requisite tools in your car at all times, it’s possible to fit a new wheel in under thirty minutes. Please be aware though, some vehicles do not come with a spare wheel.
This article will take you through the steps needed to change a tyre, but should you be in an emergency, call for professional help. Alternatively – and if possible – make your way to your nearest ATS Euromaster service centre, where our puncture repair specialists will take care of the rest.
Finally, for any other tyre services, use our dedicated page.
Tools required for the tyre change
1. The spare car tyre, which needs to be in good working condition and well-inflated.
2. A jack, which will enable you to lift the car off the ground.
3. A wrench, to remove the wheel nuts.
4. The car handbook, to understand where the jacking point on your vehicle is.
5. Wheel chocks or wedges to stop the car rolling (though you can use bricks any sturdy item for this job as well).
6. A locking wheel nut key, in the event your car has locking nuts or bolts.
Step 1 – Check your surroundings
- To change a tyre safely, you need to be on hard, level ground. Never perform the task on the side of the motorway and always navigate to a spot that’s away from traffic.
- Once you’re confident you can get started, switch off your engine, turn on your hazards and engage “Park” in an automatic – and ensure the handbrake is engaged.
- Get your tools out.
Step 2 – Position the chocks and loosen the wheel nuts
- You want to place the chocks down first. These go on either side of the tyre that’s diagonally opposite the flat wheel position. The chocks ensure the car cannot roll.
- Once in place, loosen the wheel nuts in an anti-clockwise direction (do not remove all the way) with the wrench. You might need to use the locking key first. Ensure you have the key to hand, and if you don’t, call for professional assistance.
Tip: When loosening the nuts with the wrench, be mindful of the fact that they don’t need to come completely free.
Step 3 – Jack the car off the ground
- Your car has four jacking points located beneath the vehicle. You want to pick the spot nearest the wheel in need of changing. Your handbook will show you where to look if you’re struggling.
- Located the spot? Now you can place the jack flat on the floor and wind it into the jacking point.
- Wind the jack until the wheel is off the ground and there’s space for the slightly bigger replacement to be slotted into place (new tyres are always going to have a slightly larger surface area). Make sure the jack is straight while performing this task.
Step 4 – Remove the nuts and the wheel
- Now that the old tyre is free of the ground, you can fully remove the nuts and remove the wheel
Tip: If you’re having difficulty removing the tyre, it may be stuck, and in this case it’s necessary to call for assistance.
Step 5 – Fit the new tyre
- Position the new tyre into the empty hub, then replace the nuts.
- Tighten them in a clockwise direction using the wrench until they can hold the weight of the car.
Step 6 – Lower the jack and use the wrench to tighten the nuts further
- Be careful here, as you want to lower the jack just enough so that wheel is barely touching the ground.
- Once satisfied, use the wrench, and fully secure the nuts in place.
Step 7 – Lower the car completely
- The car can now be fully lowered to the ground before the jack is removed and your tools are safely stowed in your vehicle.
- NOTE always have the wheel nuts checked by a professional to ensure the correct level of tightness.
Step 8 – Visit your local ATS Euromaster service centre
- Spare tyres are not always designed for continuous use, so as a final precaution, take your car into your local ATS Euromaster service centre so our professionals can take a closer look.
- While you’re at it, buy a new spare, and get a tyre pressure check on all four wheels.
Tyre disposal – what we offer
If you don’t want to change your tyres yourself – and would prefer to have the service performed by ATS Euromaster – then be aware that we also can dispose of your tyres for you.
Tyre recycling is an environmentally-friendly solution that we perform for a small fee when you use our services. Often, the rubber of your old tyre will be shredded and used in the paving of roads and sports pitches, or as fuel in cement factories. Either way, it’s an excellent way to put an unwanted item to new use.